Policy Guidance Brief: Supporting decision-making for effective adaptation
Effective adaptation to climate change requires complex decision-making, taking into account not only the impacts of climate change but also the social, economic and technological context within which these changes take place. This factsheet explores the support of decision-making for adaptation, through provision of frameworks, knowledge and criteria for performance evaluation and comparison. Broadly, these are known as Decision Support Tools, or DSTs. In addition, it explains that effective decision-making for adaptation is risk-based, and that it should take account of the following: (i) the best and most up-to-date information on future climate change, (ii) the context of this information in terms of national and international socio-economic and demographic trends, (iii) uncertainties in this information, (iv) the need for effective engagement with all parties involved, including policy-makers, businesses, scientists and civil society, (v) examples of adaptation best practice as a benchmark, and (vi) the need to evaluate performance on an on-going basis.